- Explain what orienteering is.
- (a) Point out and name five major terrain features
on a map and in the field.
(b) Point out and name 10 symbols often found on
a topographic map.
- (a) Explain how a compass works. Describe the features
of an orienteering compass and their uses.
(b)In the field, show how to take a compass bearing
and how to follow one.
- (a) Explain the meaning of declination. Tell why
declination must be taken into account when using a map
and compass together.
(b) Provide a topographic map of your area with magnetic
(c) Show how to transfer a direction on a map to
- (a) Show how to measure distances, using a scale
on an orienteering compass.
(b) Set up a 300m pace course. Figure out your running
pace for 100 meters.
- (a) Explain a descriptive clue. Tell how is is
used in orienteering.
(b) Explain how to use an attack point. Describe
the offset technique. Tell what is meant by a collecting
- Do the following:
(a) Take part in three orienteering events. One of
these must be a cross-country course.
(b) After each course, write a report with (1) a
copy of the master map and descriptive clues, (2) a copy
of the route you took on the course, (3) a discussion of
how you could improve your time between points, and (4)
list of your major weaknesses on this course. Describe what
you could do to improve.
- Do one of the following:
(a)Set up a cross-country course at least 2000m long
with five control markers. Prepare the master map. Mark
the descriptive clues.
(b) Set up a score-orienteering course with 12 points
and a time limit of 60 minutes. Prepare the master map.
Set the descriptive clues and point value for each control
on this course.
- Act as an official during an orienteering event. (This
may be during the running of the course you set up for requirement
- Teach orienteering techniques to your patrol, troop, or
Of course the Orienteering
Merit Badge Booklet will provide lots of useful data for completion
of the merit badge, however orienteering is a dynamic and
growing sport in the USA and the booklet has received far
too few updates to be able to fully prepare the Scout for
the fun and adventure of competitive orienteering. A list
of the needed updates appears elsewhere in these pages. There
are many other sources of information a scout can utilize,
a couple of which are listed below.
Lowry, Ron & Sidney, Ken, Orienteering Skills and
Strategies, Orienteering Ontario, 1220 Sheppard Ave
E, Willowdale, Ontario, Canada M2K 2X1. 1985
Wilson, Peter, Orienteering, New Zealand Mountain
Safety Council Inc, P.O. Box 6027, Te Aro, Wellington, New
Zealand. Fax (04) 857-366. Circa 1992
And possibly the best source of all, a local orienteering
club may be within reach of your troop. Check out the link to
Orienteering and Rogaining Home Page for the lists of North
American clubs. Get a schedule and attend one of their events.
It will count as one of the courses in requirement 7 and certainly
show what is needed to complete requirements 8 and 9.